|Title||Bausch & Lomb Optical Co. Fitz Manipulator|
89.0001.147.01 - manipulator
89.0001.147.02 - metal piece
89.0001.147.03 - syringe
.01: Circular stainless steel base with lots of holes for screws to be able to move manipulator. "LTD NHLBI" [Laboratory of Technical Development, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute] written on base. Two manipulators, labeled "left" and "right" , made of stainless steel. One has piece with wire coming out. Other side has glass piece attached.
.02: Black plate
.03: "Tuberculin" syringe attached to driver.
|Caption||Bausch & Lomb Co. Micromanipulator|
Patent granted May 24, 1932 to George W. Fitz of Peconic, NY. "Still another object is to provide a pair of micro-manipulator units adapted for use, respectively, on the right and left hand sides of a microscope..."
From "The New Fitz Micro-Manipulator," Bausch & Lomb Optical Co., 1934: "The sole purpose of any micro-manipulator is to manipulate small objects or cells in the field of the microscope during observation. An original solution of the mechanical problems involved in micro-operations is offered in the design by Dr. G. W. Fitz. The Fitz Micro-Manipulator, made only by Bausch and Lomb...is a universal instrument adapted to micro-operation in its widest range....It will take any standard microscope upon its broad base."
From exhibit text: "Micromanipulators are mechanical devices for translating gross movements of the hands into extremely fine movements of small instruments. In this way investigators can inject fluids into single cells, insert microelectrodes, and operate on parts of the cells while looking at them through a microscope. Micromanipulators utilize wedges, gears, hydraulic drives and other means to reduce the size of the movements. The instruments used on micromanipulators generally are fabiricated from glass by means of microforges which heat and form the glass under a microscope. Micrurgy, which is the practice of direct manipulation of single cells in this manner, was first described in 1904 by Marshall Barber, an American microbiologist in the University of Kansas.
|Number of images||1|
|Organizations||NIH; NHLBI, Laboratory of Technical Development|
|NIH Property #||none|
|Old NIH Property #||143705|