|Object Name||Shell, Cone Snail|
|Title||Cone Snail Shells|
05.0008.001.01 - conus aulicus (Linne, 1758); The Princely Cone; Samar Island, Philippines
05.0008.001.02 - conus araneosus (Lightfoot, 1786); Samar Islands, Philippines
05.0008.001.03 - conus bullatus (Linne, 1758); The Bubble Cone; Olango Island, Cebu, Philippines; Hookah 60-200 ft.
05.0008.001.04 - conus circumcisus (Born, 1778); The Circumcision Cone; Olango Islands, Philippines; collected ~100 ft.
05.0008.001.05 - conus geographus (Linne, 1758); The Geography Cone; Marinduque Island, Philippines; this species has caused the highest frequency of human fatalities
05.0008.001.06 - conus glaucus (Linne, 1758); The Grey or Glaucous Cone; Mauban, Quezon, Luzon, Philippines
05.0008.001.07 - conus gloriamaris (Chemnitz, 1777); The Glory-of-the-Sea Cone; Bohol Island, Philippines
05.0008.001.08 - conus kinoshitai (Kuroda, 1956); off Panglao/Balicasag Island, Philippines; gill nets 70-150 fathoms
05.0008.001.09 - conus leopardus (Roding, 1798); The Leopard Cone; Philippines
05.0008.001.10 - conus magus (Linne, 1758); The Magician’s Cone; Bicol Peninsula, Luzon, Philippines
05.0008.001.11 - conus magus (melanistic) (Linne, 1758); The Magician’s Cone; Philippines
05.0008.001.12 - conus marmoreus (Linne, 1758); The Marble Cone; Philippines
05.0008.001.13 - conus striatus (Linne, 1758); The Striated Cone; Marinduque Island, Philippines
05.0008.001.14 - conus textile (Linne, 1758): The Cloth-of-Gold Cone, Hawaii
Note: the name in ( ) in the listing of the shells in item parts field is the name of the taxonomer who gave the species its name. That is followed by its non-scientific name and the location (and sometimes depth) where it is found
.01 Conus aulicus: large, brown with white markings. Very pointed end.
.02 Conus araneosus: white background with brown lines and light and dark blue markings. The end is not very pointed.
.03 Conus bullatus: pink with dark pink and white striations. The inside is pink. The end is flat.
.04 Conus circumcisus: bands of white, yellow, tan, and brown. There are dark brown spots on the end.
.05 Conus geographus: large with bone and brown markings with purple bands. The end is flat.
.06 Conus glaucus: gray background with brown and white dashes in lines. The end is flat.
.07 Conus gloriamaris: white with purple lines making cone shapes, some smeared. End is very pointed.
.08 Conus kinoshitai: white with purple markings with some darker striations. The end is pointed.
.09 Conus leopardus: large, off-white with dark brown dashes and dots in bands. Top is flat.
.10 Conus magus: white with pale yellow bands with some brown markings. The end is pointed.
.11 Conus magus (melanistic): white with brown markings in bands. The end is pointed.
.12 Conus marmoreus: black with white tooth and heart-shaped markings. The end is flat.
.13 Conus striatus: brown with pink to white markings and tiny white striations. The end is pointed.
.14 Conus textile: white with brown lines making tooth-shaped designs, some filled with gold. The end is pointed with a gold tip.
|Caption||Cone Snail Shells .01-.07|
|Provenance||From "Stetten Lecture: ‘Ghoulish’ Potion Shows Nervous System Function," by Alisa Zapp, NIH Record, October 8, 1996, page 1: "Dr. Baldomero M. Olivera, distinguished professor of biology at the University of Utah, studies the hundreds of neurotoxins produced by venomous cone snails. His research [supported by NIH grants] has already led to the development of a potent painkiller, now in clinical trials, that appears to vanquish pain that is unresponsive even to near-lethal doses of morphine." The drug was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in late 2004 under the name of Prialt. More pain-killing drugs and other therapeutics are being investigated from the peptides of many species of cone snails’ venom.|
|Number of images||2|
|Credit line||Courtesy of Dr. Baldomero M. Olivera, University of Utah|
|Organizations||University of Utah|
|NIH Property #||none|
|Old NIH Property #||none|
Olivera, Baldomero M.